Contents:

  • Reuben Cauchi and Joseph N. Grima Modelling of the static and dynamic properties of THO-type Silicates   abstract | full text
  • Kamil Szewc Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics Simulations Using Graphics Processing Units   abstract | full text
  • Wen-Guang Li Validating Full Cavitation Model with an Experimental Centrifugal Pump   abstract | full text
  • Mahmoud Mohamed Reda Ahmed Elsawy and Sergey Leble Finite-Difference Solution of Parabolic Equation and Numerical Simulation for X-ray Focusing   abstract | full text

Abstracts:

hReuben Cauchi and Joseph N. Grima Modelling of the static and dynamic properties of THO-type Silicates

Auxetic materials are materials exhibiting a negative Poisson's ratio in one of their planes. This phenomenon has been studied in various materials. Zeolites are crystalline substances whose structure is characterised by the framework of linked tetrahedra, each consisting of four oxygen atoms surrounding a cation. The resulting interstitial spaces make them efficient for use as adsorbents and molecular sieves, and many studies have been focused on this aspect. Some of these zeolites may exhibit auxeticity at least in one of their planes. THO (and similar systems, such as NAT and EDI) together with the all-silica equivalent of these have been studied extensively via static simulations for their negative Poisson's ratio in the (001) plane. In this paper a study of the all-silica equivalent of THO has been carried out via both static and dynamic simulations using the same force-field, where the system was subjected to stress along the x direction. The hypothesised semi-rigid mechanism of deformation, proposed by Grima et al. was then projected over this framework. The results obtained confirmed auxeticity along this plane by means of the COMPASS force-field, in both static and dynamic studies and compared well with the proposed mechanism of semi-rigid rotating polygons. It also showed that as the Young's modulus of this mechanism increases other mechanisms of deformation increase in importance.

 

hKamil Szewc Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics Simulations Using Graphics Processing Units

Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics (SPH) is a fully Lagrangian, particle-based technique for fluid-flow modeling. As a gridless method, it appears to be a natural approach to simulate multi-phase flow with complex geometries. Since SPH involves a large set of shortrange particle-particle interactions, numerical implementations present a high degree of spatial data locality and a significant number of independent computations. Therefore, the numerical code can be easily written in a massively parallel manner. The main purpose of this study is to discuss the issues related to the implementation of the SPH method for computation using Graphics Processing Units (GPU). The study is supported by two-dimensional validation cases: the lid-driven cavity and oscillation of a droplet. The obtained results show a good accuracy of the method, as well as, high numerical efficiency of its GPU implementation.

 

hWen-Guang Li Validating Full Cavitation Model with an Experimental Centrifugal Pump

The full cavitation model is increasingly applied in the cavitating flow simulation and the cavitation performance prediction of a centrifugal pump to improve or optimize its hydraulic design. Since the model involves surface tension and non-condensable gas content, it can be potentially applied in predicting cavitation behaviour of a centrifugal pump when handling viscous oils that possess different surface tension and gas content than water. However, the model has not been validated extensively against experimental incipient cavitation and NPSHr (net positive suction head required) data so far. In the paper, the cavitation performance of an experimental centrifugal pump is investigated using the CFD code and the full cavitation model when pumping water. The incipient cavitation number-flow rate curve and head-NPSHa (net positive suction head available) relationship are established and compared with experimental observations. The relationship between the head and integrated vapour-liquid volume ratio in the impeller is argued. The influence of the non-condensable gas content and turbulence model on the head-NPSHa curve is clarified. The cavity pattern predicted is compared with the visualized one. The computational methods adopted and the results achieved here can be useful for the cavitation performance prediction of a centrifugal pump in engineering.

 

hMahmoud Mohamed Reda Ahmed Elsawy and Sergey Leble Finite-Difference Solution of Parabolic Equation and Numerical Simulation for X-ray Focusing

In this paper we apply the finite-difference method to solve a parabolic equation of a general problem of short wave diffraction in a conducting medium. It is based on the implicit Runge-Kutta method of the second order combined with the iterative procedure. We also present new numerical simulations for X-rays focusing using the mentioned approach. We consider CRLs with a parabolic profile with a radius of curvature up to 0.2 mm. The main goal of this work is to elaborate an X-ray calculator for a PC which would present new possibilities compared to conventional ones. The correspondent code is written in FORTRAN to obtain the focal distance and diffraction spot profiles. Simulations for two cases were performed, the first one with 33 Al lenses for X-ray energy 15 keV, the results showed that we needed to consider more than 50000 points in each direction which forced us to consider a one-dimensional simulation only. For the second case we performed a simulation for several lenses, up to 15 Al lenses to perform the 2-d simulation. We have good agreement with the experimental data for the focal distance, and for the intensity at the focal plane while, for the spot size, we have smaller FWHM for the Gaussian beam at the detector than in the experimental data. We believe that the FWHM we have is smaller as our lenses are ideal without any defects.

 

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